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Every year, over 13 million girls aged 15–19 give birth in low- and middle-income countries, according to the Guttmacher Institute. Many of these young mothers are married, first-time parents, and are often under family and community pressure to have a second child quickly. Young mothers who have a second child very rapidly can suffer complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Their children may also experience adverse health outcomes from rapid, repeat pregnancies.1
Successful development programs rely on people to behave in certain ways and make certain choices. Behavioral economics helps us understand why people behave and choose as they do, and behavioral design harnesses these insights for effective program development.
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Last Update: July 13, 2020
On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) released a statement declaring that the coronavirus met the criteria for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The announcement constituted official recognition of the deadly virus as a danger to all, and the global health community ratcheted up efforts to prevent its spread. On March 11 the WHO declared the virus a pandemic.
Dernière mise à jour- April 7, 2020 - de nouveaux éléments sont notés
Interactive voice response (IVR) is an automated, phone-based platform that can be used in social and behavior change (SBC) programs to provide individuals with information, pose questions and record user responses, and remind users of upcoming appointments or the need to take medication.
Well-established linkages between outcomes in family planning (FP) and other development sectors can be leveraged through integrated social and behavior change (SBC) programs. However, as the evidence from integrated programming accumulates, professionals working on multisectoral SBC integration must strengthen these linkages by disseminating programmatic findings in a systematic and coordinated way; sharing useful tools and instruments; and communicating enablers and barriers to integration in funding, design, implementation, and evaluation.
Although the Zika virus was first discovered over 50 years ago, its risks during pregnancy have only recently been understood. When Zika transmission surfaced in large urban centers of Brazil in late 2015, an international public health emergency response began. Dozens of organizations and country governments leapt into action to provide awareness and prevention information, with little opportunity to coordinate messaging. During the first year of the USAID Zika response in Latin America and the Caribbean, USAID found that over 30 behaviors were being promoted. This large number of behaviors presented a challenge to the potential effectiveness of social and behavior change (SBC) efforts to prevent Zika at the household and community level.
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This update includes recently produced tools and examples. Newly added items are at the top of each list.
Gender roles and relations impact a broad array of health and development issues—from economic empowerment to governance to violence against women and HIV and AIDS. Social norms and expectations of how men and women should behave are a key determinant of health and development outcomes, as are structural issues such as inequitable laws and policies. Over the last decade, the field of gender equality programming has grown in its scope and sophistication, tackling our understanding of femininity and masculinity, as well as addressing gender as a continuum by looking at transgender and intersex issues.