The purpose of this review is to provide a comprehensive assessment of what is known about provider bias in the provision of reproductive health services to adolescents, with the ultimate aim to inform interventions that improve the demand and delivery of a full range of contraceptive methods.
This review has four key scoping parameters
- Define and organize types of provider biases and drivers or underlying influencers of bias. W
- Characterize adolescents as the objects of provider bias, discussing their unique needs, attributes, and behaviors and their effects on the interpersonal exchanges between youth and providers in clinical settings.
- Add practice-relevant context to bias classifications and types, we present how attitudinal and behavioral bias is detected and measured, including how conclusions were made and in what countries these methods are most relevant.
- FBuild towards solutions, providing insights into interventions for reducing provider bias.
These hypothetical ‘segments’ can provide a starting point for a statistical segmentation that will be developed and used to facilitate the design and targeting of interventions that specific to the unique needs, attitudes and behaviors of individual provider segments and inherently designed to reduce provider bias at scale.